- In classical methods exact equations are formed and exact solutions are obtained where as in finite element analysis exact equations are formed but approximate solutions are obtained.
- Solutions have been obtained for few standard cases by classical methods, where as solutions can be obtained for all problems by finite element analysis.
Whenever the following complexities are faced, classical method makes the drastic assumptions’ and looks for the solutions:(a) Shape( Boundary conditions© Loading
- When material property is not isotropic, solutions for the problems become very difficult in classical method. Only few simple cases have been tried successfully by researchers. FEM can handle structures with an-isotropic properties also without any difficulty.
- If structure consists of more than one material, it is difficult to use classical method, but finite element can be used without any difficulty.
- Problems with material and geometric non-linearity cannot be handled by classical methods. There is no difficulty in FEM.